Biscuits & Marmalade

"She looks much as she used to do, is netting herself a gown in worsteds, and wears what Mrs. Birch would call a Pot Hat. A short and compendious history of Miss Debary!" ~Jane Austen 25 November, 1798
Martha Lloyd, by kind permission of private owners collection.In 1807 Jane Austen's dear friend Martha Lloyd spent several days visiting the Debary family. Jane feared for her friend, writing, "The living of which he has gained...I cannot help thinking she will marry Peter Debary." It would seem there was no love lost between the Austens and those whom Jane referred to as "the endless Debarys". Fortunately, Martha would instead marry Francis Austen, though Jane would not live to see it. One thing Ms. Lloyd did retain from her friendship with the Debarys is the following recipe for Scotch Marmalade.
Scotch Orange Marmalade Each lb. of oranges requires 1 1/2 lbs of lump sugar. Quarter the oranges, then take off the rind and cut part of the white substances from it. Put the rinds into boiling water and boil them quickly for an hour and a half or two hours. Slice them as thin as possible. Sqeeze the pulp thro' a sieve adding a little water to the dregs. Break the sugar fine. Put it in a pan, pour the pulp on it- when dissolved add the rinds, then boil the whole for twenty minutes- a little essence of lemon may be added before it is taken off the fire, in the proportion of a small teaspoonful to twelve oranges. Donated by Miss Debary
Biscuits Take two ozs of lard or butter [1/8 cup or half a stick of butter] and 2 lbs [8 cups] of flour. Mix them well together with a little cold water. Work or knead them very well. Roll your biscuits very thin and prick them exceedingly. Bake them on a tin in a very quick oven, (looking constantly or they will scorch). Donated by Mrs. Dundas.
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