"Charlotte was to go [to Sanditon]. . . & to buy new Parasols, new Gloves, & new Brooches, for her sisters & herself at the Library. . ." Sanditon; Chapter 2The word "parasol" (Spanish or French) is a combination of para, meaning to stop or to shield, and sol, meaning sun. "Parapluie" (French) similarly consists of para combined with pluie, which means rain (which in turn derives from pluvia, the Latin word for rain). Hence, a parasol shields from sunlight while a parapluie shields from rain. (Parachute means shield from falls.) That the use of the umbrella or parasol—though not unknown—was not very common during the earlier half of the eighteenth century, is evident from the fact that General (then Lieut.-Colonel) James Wolfe, writing from Paris in 1752, speaks of the people there using umbrellas for the sun and rain, and wonders that a similar practice does not obtain in England. Just about the same time they seem to have come into general use, and that pretty rapidly, as people found their value, and got over the shyness natural to a first introduction. Jonas Hanway, the founder of the Magdalen Hospital, has the credit of being the first man who ventured to dare public reproach and ridicule by carrying one habitually in London. As he died in 1786, and he is said to have carried an umbrella for thirty years, the date of its first use by him may be set down at about 1750. John Macdonaldrelates that in 1770, he used to be greeted with the shout, "Frenchman, Frenchman! why don't you call a coach?" whenever he went out with his umbrella. By 1788 however they seem to have been accepted: a London newspaper advertises the sale of 'improved and pocket Umbrellas, on steel frames, with every other kind of common Umbrella.' The following images from Ackerman's Repository show the fashionable appeal of the parasol. From the many prints featuring the parasol in Ackerman's 1809 Repository, one can only assume that by then, it had become not only physically necessary, but fashionably so, as well. A fuller look at fashion plates with parasols can be found at JaneAustensLondon.com: Ackermann's Repository, 1809: "A vestal robe of the finest India muslin or cambric, with a border of lace or needle-work round the feet, and continued up the front. An Austrian spencer, with carmelite hood, composed of white or silver-grey satin, or of Paris net, with an appliqued border of French lace or Chinese trimming, confined at the throat with a silk cord and tassel. A cornelian cross, suspended from a gold elastic chain. French watch, worn on the outside of the robe; the seals disposed in the center of the bosom, by way of a broach. Parasol corresponding with the spencer. Shoes and gloves of lemon-coloured kid." Child's Dress.
I have just been reading the journals of Lady Nugent who was in Jamaica in 1802. She was caught in a tropical storm and had to abandon her umbrella as it collapsed. On arrival at her friends house she was completely drenched. Her friends took her clothes and were shocked to see that she seemed terribly bruised, happily the green and yellow ‘bruises’ were caused by the dye of the umbrella running down her back!